Got 60Hz or 50Hz interference?

Beau SchwabeBeau Schwabe Posts: 6,427
edited 2012-10-10 - 20:02:58 in Propeller 1
Just thought I would pass this along... I am working on an application that doesn't like the 60Hz that is inevitable all around us. Just wanted to show some unloaded scope views of the effects of what a simple filter can accomplish. This filter is often referred to as a twin "T" notch filter, and as far as passive filters are concerned twin "T's" are pretty darn good.

Note: values are given in the schematic that would provide similar results for a 50Hz grid.


Schematic: (Note: in this case, the antenna was my finger)
60HZ Notch Filter.jpg


Image capture with the Filter ground (Vss) removed. Notice the 62 Volt Pk-Pk voltage
Filter Ground Removed.jpg


Image capture with the Filter ground (Vss) applied. Pk-Pk has been dramatically reduced to 2V
Filter Ground Applied.jpg


Image capture with the Filter ground (Vss) applied. Same as above but zoomed in. Pk-Pk value is even lower (slight more loading from the scope? ... Perhaps?) ... but you can see the "other noise" much better without being swamped with 60Hz.
Filter Ground Applied Zoom.jpg


Image capture with the Filter ground (Vss) removed. Same zoom in as above. Notice the 60Hz taking over the ground slope. If I kept zooming out I would eventually have the same view as the first scope image.
Filter Ground Removed Zoom.jpg



Enjoy!
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Comments

  • Phil Pilgrim (PhiPi)Phil Pilgrim (PhiPi) Posts: 22,694
    edited 2012-10-10 - 13:20:11
    Very cool, Beau! I'm surprised that a purely passive RC-type filter can be that effective.

    -Phil
  • Beau SchwabeBeau Schwabe Posts: 6,427
    edited 2012-10-10 - 13:29:32
    "I'm surprised that a purely passive RC-type filter can be that effective." - I am also a little. I think it has to do with the higher value resistors vs. the lower value capacitors, that end up making the "Q" value higher. With lower value resistors and higher value capacitors chosen for the same notch frequency, the "Q" factor goes down.
  • Cluso99Cluso99 Posts: 16,386
    edited 2012-10-10 - 13:34:37
    Nice work Beau. Never hurts to remind us of the problems of mains hum pickup.
    We had 50Hz problems with a video terminal released back in 1976. It was designed in the USA and they could not replicate the problem because of 60Hz. I inserted an rc filter in the video section (IIRC the horizontal circuitry) to mostly remove the problem. Untimately though, it was accomplished as filtering around the power transformer, and basically my mods as well. BTW it was one of the first terminals to use the new Intel 8008 micro and 1702 eproms. My how things hve progressed!
  • LawsonLawson Posts: 870
    edited 2012-10-10 - 15:02:39
    That IS impressive for 3 capacitors and 3 resistors. My guess as why the peak to peak voltage reported by the scope dropped between the 10V/division and 500mV/division shots is the scope resolution. (-60dB of power attenuation should attenuate the signal voltage by 1000x ) Nearly all scopes digitize at 8-bits, and most have almost 1 lsb of noise. They're built for speed after all.

    Lawson
  • Mark_TMark_T Posts: 1,981
    edited 2012-10-10 - 18:26:00
    "I'm surprised that a purely passive RC-type filter can be that effective." - I am also a little. I think it has to do with the higher value resistors vs. the lower value capacitors, that end up making the "Q" value higher. With lower value resistors and higher value capacitors chosen for the same notch frequency, the "Q" factor goes down.

    I think theoretically the circuit has infinite Q whatever the component values - there is a filter zero slap bang on the imaginary axis. Slight imbalances in component value take the zero off axis and reduce the Q to finite values. To allow the reponse to be flat away from the notch you want low-impedance components, but that effectively reduces the depth of a real-world notch if taken too far. Do I make sense?
  • Phil Pilgrim (PhiPi)Phil Pilgrim (PhiPi) Posts: 22,694
    edited 2012-10-10 - 20:02:58
    Mark,

    I haven't got a clue what you're talking about. I slept through those lectures -- boooooring! -- and none of it was on the final exam. :)

    -Phil
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